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Hawaii Timeline of State History
Chronological History of Hawaii
|The exact date is unknown and probably will remain so forever. But sometime after the beginning of the Christian era, Polynesians first set foot on these islands. Linguistic and cultural evidence suggest that the first inhabitants came from the Marquesas Group, to the north of Tahiti.
- 300 - 900 A.D. - Polynesians arrive by outrigger canoe from Tahiti.
- 1627 - Spanish sailors visit Hawaii, describe volcanic eruption in ship's log
- 1778 - Englishman James Cook of the British navy discovered Hawaii.
- 1780's - Other European and U.S. trading ships began to arrive on their way to China. Disease brought from other parts of the world killed many of the Hawaiians.
- 1794 - Hawaii is placed under the protectorate of Great Britian by Vancouver
- 1795 - King Kamehameha I unifies Hawaiias.
- 1810 -
- All of Hawaii was under Kamehameha control.
- First theatrical performance staged in Hawaii
- 1815 - Russian soldiers fail attempt to build a fort in Hawaii
- 1816 - Volcano House opens for tourists on the island of Hawaii, $1 per person for lodging
- 1819 - Kamehameha I dies, and his son Liholiho became Kamehameha II. He promptly abolished the local religion.
- 1820 - Protestant missionaries teach Christianity
- 1821 - Protestant missionaries arrived the following year and converted many Hawaiians to Christianity.
- 1826 - James Honnewell establishes C. Brewer & Co. Ltd. trade and service organization
- 1831 - Catholic missionaries that arrived during the late 1820s were forced to leave or be imprisoned in 1831.
- 1834 - Honolulu Police Department is founded by King Kamehameha III
- 1835 - The first sugar plantation is established on Kauai Island
- 1836 - Organization of the Royal Hawaiian Band
- 1838 - Ground is broken for the building of the Kawaiahao Church
- 1839 - Roman Catholics receive religious freedom
- 1840 - Hawaii adopted its first constitution .
- 1842 -
- First House of Representatives is called to order
- First class begins at Punahou, the new private school
- 1843 - Lord George Paulet seizes Hawaii in the name of England
- 1846 - Construction of Washington Place (now governor's residence) is completed
- 1848 - A law passed that year that divided the land between the king and his chiefs. Most of these men gave their land to the government, which in turn sold land to the Hawaiian people.
- 1849 - French admiral Legoarant de Tromelin fails in attempted invasion
- 1852 - First steam-propelled ship is used in interisland service
- 1853 - Smallpox epidemic takes the lives of over 5,000 Hawaiians
- 1858 - C. R. Bishop and W. A. Aldrich begin the kingdom's largest financial institution
- 1859 - Honolulu Gas Company is established
- 1860 - The Queen's Hospital's first structure's cornerstone is laid in place
- 1863 - Niihau island purchased by Elizabeth Sinclair, offered by King Kamehameha IV, $10,000
- 1865 - First imigrant plantation workers depart from Yokohama, Japan for Hawaii
- 1866 - Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) sails into Honolulu Harbor
- 1874 - Supreme Court of Hawaii moves into Ali`iolani (where it remains yet today)
- 1875 - First official regatta held on King Kalakaua's birthday
- 1877 - King Kalakaua dedicates Kapiolani Park as a focal point of outdoor recreation
- 1878 - First telephone is in operation, two years after Alexander Graham Bell's patent
- 1879 - First locomotive-train pulled its first load of sugarcane on Maui
- 1882 - The king and queen move into Iolani Palace
- 1883 - Kamehameha Statue is unveiled
- 1885 - First polo match is played in Hawaii at Kohala on the Big Island
- 1886 -
- Electricity arrives as five arc lamps are strung around Iolani Palace
- Great Chinatown Fire; losses exceeded $1,455,000
- 1887 -
- During the rule of King Kalakaua, many Hawaiian customs that had been discouraged by earlier rulers became popular again. He became known as the Merry Monarch. To enhance trade with the United States, Kalakaua allowed them exclusive use of Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
- Kamehameha Schools are founded in memory of Puahi by husband Charles Reed Bishop
- 1889 -
- Father Damien of Molokai's Kalaupapa leprosy settlement dies
- Queen Liliuokalani wrote her famous song, "Aloha Oe"
- Bishop Museum's original structure is completed
- Robert Louis Stevenson, famous author, arrives in Hawaii
- 1890's - Several U.S. and European settlers had begun planting pineapples. Sugarcane planting also became an important industry. Thousands of workers were needed for these plantations; many came from China, Japan and the Philippines.
- 1891 - Hawaii's only ruling queen came to power.
- 1893 - A revolution brought forth the Republic of Hawaii and the beginning of Sanford B. Dole's "Republic".
- 1894 - The Republic of Hawaii was established
- 1896 - Moana Hotel ("Grand Old Lady" of Waikiki/now the Sheraton Moana Surfrider) is planned
- 1898 - Hawaii's state flag is replaced by the United States' "Stars and Stripes"
- 1900 -
- Hawaii becomes a U.S. territory
- One pound of sugar costs 7 cents
- 1901 -
- The Hawaiian Pineapple Company, now Dole, is established
- James "Jim" Drummond Dole's first plants pineapple in Wahiawa's countryside
- 1901 - Honolulu Rapid Transit's inaugural run of electric streetcars
- 1903 - Joint Tourism Committee is created to promote the Territory to the world (now the HVCB)
- 1905 - Only 80 automobiles are registered on the island of Oahu
- 1910 - First airplane flight in Hawaii
- 1912 - Duke Kahanamoku participates at the Olympics in Stockholm
- 1916 - The brothel "Iwilei Stockade" is shut down
- 1917 - Charlie Chaplin visits Hawaii and speaks at the Honolulu Ad Club's luncheon
- 1920 - Prince Edward, Prince of Wales, visits the Islands
- 1922 - Honolulu Musum of Art is chartered
- 1923 - Hawaiian Dredging Co. begins dredging of the Ala Wai Canal
- 1924 - Work begins on the structural foundation of Aloha Tower
- 1927 -
- Group of women found the organization "Outdoor Circle" and end billboard advertising
- Inaugural Lei Day
- The Royal Hawaiian Hotel opens for business
- 1929 - First interisland flight by Stanley C. Kennendy in an amphibious plane
- 1934 - President Roosevelt was the first U.S. President to visit Hawaii
- 1935 -
- First 2,270-mile trans-Pacific flight from San Francisco to Hawaii takes 21 1/2 hours
- 5-year-old Shirley Temple visits Hawaii
- "Hawaii Calls" radio program enters the hearts and living rooms of America
- 1941 -
- When World War II began in 1939, the United States chose to stay out of the war. After the historic Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor and Oahu on Dec. 7, 1941, the United States declared war on Japan and entered World War II. Many of the damaged ships and submarines were repaired by armed forces and used in the war. The National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific was dedicated in 1949 in Honolulu; thousands are buried there.
- A lone Japanese pilot crash lands on Niihau and is killed after he shoots a Hawaiian
- First land-based interisland flights
- 1946 - Great tsunami hits Hilo, killing over 100 people and causing $25 million damage
- 1956 - Financing is settled and Ala Moana Shopping Center opens
- 1957 - The first telephone cable from the U.S. mainland to Hawaii operated
- 1959 - Hawaii became the 50th state on Aug. 21, 1959
- 1962 - The jet-aircraft terminal in Honolulu was completed
- 1982 - Hurricane Iwa causes about $312 million in damages
- 1991 - Carolyn Sapp becomes the first Miss America from Hawaii
- 1992 - Hurricane Iniki kills four and causes $2 billion in damages
- 1995 - http://www.Hawaiian.com goes online with the message of Live Aloha!
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