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Idaho Almanac: State Facts and Figures
Browse the state's symbols; state animal, state bird, state flower, state flag, state fossil, state insect, state motto, state seal, state tree, color, dance, fish, mammal, music, nut, reptile seal, and miscellaneous designations, emblems, and mascot of each state with pictures. Find origin of the state name. View the state almanacs, state timelines and peruse state facts and stats such as the capitol, location, and date admitted to the union.
||The Gem State, Gem of the Mountains, Little Ida
||Esto Perpetua (It is perpetual)
|Location & Region
||43.60665 N, 116.22610 W
||July 03, 1890
|Boise, Pocatello, Idaho Falls, Nampa, Coeur d'Alene
||Montana - Nevada - Oregon - Utah - Washington - Wyoming
|Number of Counties
||44 Counties in Idaho
||1,055 sq mi.
||Northern: Pacific Standard Time
Southern: Mountain Standard Time
Idaho Climate and Weather
|Idaho enjoys a four-season climate, but conditions can be unpredictable, especially in the mountains.
Snake River Plain (Valley) summers are generally warm (seldom hot). Evenings are cool, and July and August are considered perfect.
Fall weather is much cooler and winter conditions can be snowy and much colder, with little wind.
Summer high temperatures are near 75 degrees, while winter highs are in the 30s. The average annual rainfall approaches 26 inches.
Mountains in the south, central and north are cooler throughout the year with cold and snowy conditions fall and winter.
Mean summer temperature are near 64 degrees, dropping to around 30 degrees in winter. The average rainfall in the higher elevations of the Rockies (central and north) exceeds 60 inches, and snowfall is usually heavy.
July 28, 1934 - Orofino
January 16, 1943 - Island Park Dam
|Avg Temp: High - Low
Idaho Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations (Feet)
Idaho Land Area (Square Miles)
||In Custer, SW of Challis
|Forested Land Area3
(Length - Width)
|Source: (U.S. Census, April 1, 2000)
1. Dry land and land temporarily or partially covered by water, such as marshland, swamps, etc.; streams and canals under one-eighth statute mile wide; and lakes, reservoirs, and ponds under 40 acres.
2. Permanent inland water surface, such as lakes, reservoirs, and ponds having an area of 40 acres or more; streams, sloughs, estuaries, and canals one-eighth statute mile or more in width; deeply indented embayments and sounds, and other coastal waters behind or sheltered by headlands or islands separated by less than 1 nautical mile of water, and islands under 40 acres in area. Excludes areas of oceans, bays, sounds, etc. lying within U.S. jurisdiction but not defined as inland water.
Almanac Provided by SHG Resources
The World Almanac for Kids Online!
Boise National Forest
Caribou National Forest
Challis National Forest
Clearwater National Forest
Curlew National Grassland
Idaho Panhandle National Forests: Coeur d'Alene, Kaniksu, and St. Joe National Forests
Nez Perce National Forest
Payette National Forest
Salmon National Forest
Sawtooth National Forest
Targhee National Forest