- HG - Legal Research
- KFF - Health Facts
- Missing Children
- MW - Geography
- NACo - Counties
- ParkNet - Parks
- State Page
- ZEAL - Directory
Wisconsin Symbols, Mineral: Galena
Earn your degree, advance your career, secure your future – all online. University of Phoenix is a true innovator in distance education. Their Business, Technology, Criminal Justice, Nursing, and Education degree programs are designed specifically for busy professionals. Imagine earning the degree you've always wanted – from home, at work, or while traveling.
Click here to learn more.
Adopted on March 9, 1971.
Chapter 14, Laws of 1971, amended Section 1.10 to make galena the official state mineral and red granite the state rock. Galena was declared the official state Mineral in 1971. The Kenosha Gem and Mineral Society proposed the bill for the state mineral and rock. The Wisconsin Geological Society set down the criteria for picking the state mineral. The criteria included: historical significance, native nature, uniqueness, abundance and economic value. Red granite is an igneous rock composed of quartz and feldspar. It is mined in several sections of the state and was selected as the state rock because of its economic importance.
Galena is the primary ore mineral of Lead. Worked for its lead content as early as 3000BC, it is found in ore veins with Sphalerite, Pyrite and/or Chalcopyrite, and in Sedimentary rocks as beds or impregmentations. The crystals are bright when fresh but often receive a dull tarnish after exposure to air.
Galena is a common and popular mineral for rock hounds. Its characteristic cubes, distinctive cleavage and high density make it easy to identify and a favorite in high school geology labs. The structure of Galena is identical to that of halite, NaCl. The two minerals have the same crystal shapes, symmetry and cleavage. Some Galena may contain up to 1% silver in place of lead. The large volume of Galena that is processed for lead produces enough Silver as a by product to make Galena the leading ore of Silver.
- Color is lead to silver gray sometimes with a bluish tint.
- Luster is metallic to dull in weathered faces.
- Transparency crystals are opaque.
- Crystal System is isometric; 4/m bar 3 2/m
- Crystal Habits include the cube, octahedron and combinations of the two. Spinel twinning is possible forming flattened crystals. Also massive and granular.
- Cleavage is perfect in four direction forming cubes.
- Fracture is uneven and rarely seen because of the perfect cleavage.
- Hardness is 2.5+
- Specific Gravity is approximately 7.5+ (heavy even for metallic minerals)
- Streak is lead gray
- Associated Minerals are calcite, dolomite, sphalerite, pyrite and other sulfide minerals, also lead oxidation minerals such as cerussite and anglesite.
- Other Characteristics: brighter metallic luster on cleavage surfaces than on crystal faces.
- Notable Occurances include Texas-Oklahoma-Missouri area, USA; Germany, Peru, Mexico, Zambia, and England.
- Best Field Indicators are crystal habit, cleavage and, perhaps most importantly, density.
The World Almanac for Kids Online!
Chequamegon National Forest
Nicolet National Forest